Missing teeth in children can be caused by a variety of diseases, each with its own set of causes and risk factors. Here are the top diseases and causes of missing teeth in children:
- Dental caries: Dental caries, also known as cavities, are caused by a buildup of plaque on the teeth. Plaque is a film of bacteria that forms on the teeth and produces acids that erode the enamel. Risk factors for cavities include poor oral hygiene, a diet high in sugar, and a lack of fluoride exposure.
- Periodontal disease: Periodontal disease is an infection of the gums and supporting structures of the teeth. It is caused by a buildup of plaque and can lead to tooth loss if left untreated. Risk factors for periodontal disease include poor oral hygiene, smoking, and genetics.
- Trauma: Trauma to the mouth or face, such as a fall or a blow to the jaw, can cause teeth to become loose or fall out. Risk factors for traumatic injury include participation in high-contact sports, a lack of protective gear, and a lack of supervision during activities.
- Congenital defects: Some children are born with congenital defects that affect their teeth, such as cleft lip and palate, which can lead to missing teeth. These conditions are often caused by genetic factors or environmental factors during pregnancy.
- Nutritional deficiencies: Nutritional deficiencies, such as a lack of vitamin D and calcium, can affect the development of teeth and lead to tooth loss. Children who have a poor diet or limited access to nutritious food may be at risk for these deficiencies.
- Eruption disorders: Eruption disorders are abnormal patterns of tooth development, which can cause tooth loss. Some common causes are genetic factors and misaligned jaws, which can cause teeth to grow in at the wrong angles.
- Cysts: cysts are sac-like structure that can form during tooth development. They can cause damage to surrounding teeth and bone.
It’s important for parents to be aware of these diseases and causes of missing teeth in children, in order to help prevent them through good oral hygiene practices and regular dental check-ups. Parents should encourage their children to brush and floss their teeth daily, and schedule regular dental appointments to help prevent tooth loss and other oral health problems. Additionally, a healthy diet rich in vitamins and minerals should be provided to the child. If any symptoms such as unusual tooth mobility, swelling or any other signs of infection or pain, a visit to the dentist is advisable.
Also read: 5 Most common teeth problems in kids